Food Poisoning Symptoms and Prevention

total health,food poisoning,preventing food poisoning,symptoms of food poisoning,signs of food poisoningFood poisoning is responsible for sickening up to 80 million people worldwide each year, and killing approximately one tenth of those infected. Food poisoning happens everywhere, but tends to occur more frequently at picnics, school cafeterias, and large social functions due to undercooked meats or because foods containing mayonnaise are unrefrigerated too long.

Symptoms of food poisoning usually occur within two to six hours after consumption, although some cases of food poisoning don’t appear until a few days later. General food poisoning symptoms include:

  • Abdominal Cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness

Although in most cases simple measures can prevent food poisoning, it continues to happen regularly. Moreover, according to the USDA, most cases are related to meat. The chart below describes symptoms and prevention techniques for the most common types of food poisoning.

 

Food Poisoning Symptoms and Prevention

 

Poisoning Symptoms Prevention
Botulism
  • Abdominal Cramps
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Difficulty Swallowing
  • Double Vision
  • Dry Mouth
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness With Paralysis
  • Discard bulging or dented canned or bottled goods. Also, sterilize-home-canned goods properly, and throw away out-dated goods.
    Campylobacter
  • Abdominal Cramps
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Fever
  • Watery Diarrhea
  • Avoid improperly prepared foods, and use proper food sanitation practices.
    Cholera
  • Abdominal Cramps
  • Dry Mucous Membranes
  • Excessive Thirst
  • Glassy Eyes
  • Lack of Tears
  • Lethargy
  • Low Urine Output
  • Nausea
  • Rapid Dehydration
  • Sudden Diarrhea
  • Unusual Sleepiness
  • Vomiting
  • When traveling, take precautions. Drink clean, boiled water and eat uncontaminated foods.
    E. Coli
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Flatulence
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Stomach Cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Avoid contaminated foods and untreated water, and cook meats at high temperatures to kill organisms. You should also practice careful hand washing.
    Fish Tape Worm
  • Abdominal Discomfort
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Weight Loss
  • Avoid consuming raw or undercooked fish from river or lakes.
    Salmonella
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Muscle Pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Practice careful hand washing, particularly when using eggs and poultry. Also, use proper handling and food storage practices.
    Shigella
  • Acute Abdominal Pain
  • Acute Fever
  • Blood, Mucus or Pus Stools
  • Nausea
  • Tenesmus
  • Vomiting
  • Watery Diarrhea
  • Avoid contaminated food and water. Practice careful hand washing, and properly handle and store foods.
    Staph Aureus 
  • Abdominal Distension
  • Diarrhea
  • Mild Fever
  • Nausea
  • Severe Abdominal Cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Avoid contaminating other foods with meat juices. Also, promptly refrigerate meats and leftovers. Practice careful hand washing, and wash food implements thoroughly before and after use.

     

    If you think you have suffered food poisoning, let others know. If the food was consumed from a restaurant, fast food restaurant, or store, contact them and also call your local health department. Contact your health care provider or go to emergency if you have any concerns  as there can be complications with food poisoning. For more information about food poisoning and its complications, visit Medline Plus by clicking here. If you want to prevent food poisoning at home, read Tips To Prevent Food Poisoning.

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